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100th Birthday of Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit
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   Author  Topic: 100th Birthday of Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit  (Read 349 times)
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100th Birthday of Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit
« on: Jun 5th, 2015, 10:48am »
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I received the following press release from the New York Transit Museum.
New York Transit Museum
May 26, 2015
Contact: Chelsea Newburg (718) 694-4915
New York Transit Museum celebrates 100th Birthday of Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit with a Party on Wheels!
Saturday, June 20, 9 – 11 am
On the morning of Saturday, June 20, the New York Transit Museum will celebrate the 100th birthday of
the Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT) with a party for the whole family! Ride historic
trains, pose for vintage family photos, meet train conductors from the past, work on a craft project with
friends, hear live music by City Stomp, and sing Happy Birthday to the BMT while enjoying bagels and
birthday cake for breakfast! All proceeds from this family fundraiser will benefit Transit Museum
education programming. Make your reservations early – last year’s event sold out!
In June 1915, Brooklyn Rapid Transit (which later became Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit) opened its first
Brooklyn subway under Fourth Avenue, traversing the East River via the Manhattan Bridge. The cars
riding on this new subway line represented a completely new concept in subway car design, the BRT
Standard. At 67 feet long and 10 feet wide, the BRT Standard had many state of the art features,
including a new coupler that incorporated electrical connections between cars, automated tail marker
and headlights, and a more spacious interior compared to the existing IRT cars. Improving on the
innovations of the BRT Standard, in 1925 the BMT introduced a three-car articulated unit called the DType
Triplex. Both the BRT Standard and the D-Type Triplex proved practical and durable, remaining
in service until the 1960s. Today, the BMT is included in NYCT subdivision B, operating the B, J/Z, L,
N/Q/R, and S (Franklin Shuttle) lines.
As custodian and interpreter of the region's extensive public transportation networks, the Transit
Museum shares this rich and vibrant history with a diverse audience through its exhibitions and
programs. During the Party on Wheels, vintage D-Type Triplex subway cars dating back to 1927 will
shuttle passengers between the Museum and the Hoyt-Schermerhorn station. It’s the only time all year
that shuttle rides are available at the Museum! The fleet of D-Types was originally purchased for service
on the Fourth Avenue Local between 95th Street Brooklyn and Queensboro Plaza. The articulated design
of the cars meant that passengers could walk from one car to another through an enclosed passageway.
The middle car in the unit shared trucks with the end cars, reducing the train’s weight and the cost of
maintenance. Car 6095 A, B, C and 6112 A, B, C will shuttle between the Museum and the HoytSchermerhorn
station every ten minutes during the party.
Conductors from the past in vintage cars on the Museum’s old Court Street station platform will bring
transit history to life, interacting with young straphangers and sharing fun facts about the subways.
Willie Maeby, a conductor from the 1920s, will show us around his favorite subway car, the BRT
standard, recapturing the magic of subway travels long ago with his tales of the train. Industrious kids  
can create their own subway mosaics with glass tiles in a craft project called “Miles of Tiles,” or work
on an enormous birthday card to the BMT.
While all this is going on, a photographer with props will take one-of-a-kind family portraits in a
wooden Brooklyn Union Elevated Railroad car dating back to the turn of the 20th century! Breakfast will
be available in the Museum lunchroom throughout the event and City Stomp will get straphangers
dancing and swingin’ with live music. The party will conclude with a singing of “Happy Birthday” to
the BMT and chocolate cake for all! At 11 am, the Museum opens up to the general public, but guests
are welcome to stay longer to explore on their own.
Ticket proceeds will benefit Transit Museum educational programming. In 2014, the Transit Museum
welcomed more than 600,000 visitors, including over 21,000 school children. From weekday STEM
programs during school breaks to Transit Tots games and stories for tiny train enthusiasts, the Transit
Museum provides enriching, fun, and affordable programs throughout the year. Thank you for your
When: Saturday, June 20, 9 – 11 am.
Where: New York Transit Museum
Corner of Boerum Place and Schermerhorn Street
Downtown Brooklyn
Tickets: Individual: $65 adults, $40 kids, babies under 2 free
Family pack: $175 for 4 tickets
VIP pack: $250 for 6 tickets
VIP II pack: $500 for 8 tickets
(VIPs receive a special goody bag to take home)
Call 718-694-4952 for more information or purchase tickets directly at: http://www.bit.ly/PartyonWheels

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Posts: 4
Re: 100th Birthday of Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit
« Reply #1 on: Apr 8th, 2016, 8:18am »
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It was also under BRT/BMT auspices that a third-rail section that ultimately became a standard in the U.S. and some parts of the world was developed:  what would come to be called 150 lb. NMC rail.  When the first of the Dual Contracts lines were being built and equipped, both it and the IRT came forth with their own 150 lb. third rails, borrowing from different aspects of the LIRR/Pennsylvania Railroad 150 lb. third rail.  The IRT's section adopted the head width (3-5/8") and base width (6") while it was higher (at 4¾") and had a somewhat narrower web thickness (2-1/8").  The BRT's New York Municipal Railway Corporation subsidiary dealt with the overall height of the LIRR/Pennsy rail (4-1/16") as well as its web (2¾") and positioning of its height over the height of the track rail (3½"), while making the head width 4-1/8" and the base width 4-7/8".  Today, very few sections of IRT track have their own third rails (mostly confined to certain sections of their Broadway/7th Avenue line south of Times Square), while most of IRT trackage has been re-equipped with its once-hated rival's third rail (even on the Steinway tubes where it had replaced the old "umbrella" third rail that is still on display, as of this writing, at the Transit Museum).  It was also the BRT/BMT that first came up with the idea of having the protective cover held up by a bracket (as opposed to IRT practice if you've seen old photos).
The NYM (later NMC) third rail and accompanying specs would be adopted by the Staten Island Rapid Transit (then owned by the Baltimore & Ohio) upon its 1924 decision to electrify (how fortuitous when, under MTA auspices, their ancient ME-1 cars were replaced with extra R44's) - and more importantly, when the city began its own Independent subway system (later IND), they decided to build their new system to BMT specs, complete with their third rail and overall positioning (besides the height positioning mentioned above, the third rail center was decreed to be 27-9/16" from the track rail gauge).
It should be noted that the porcelain insulator and iron cap used on BRT/BMT tracks was different than what the IND would later use.  Such original insulators and caps can be found today within the tracks of the 95th Street terminus of the Fourth Avenue line.

« Last Edit: Apr 8th, 2016, 8:20am by IndependentSubway » Logged
Posts: 3836
Re: 100th Birthday of Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit
« Reply #2 on: Apr 9th, 2016, 7:55pm »
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As said in your other post on the conductor rail, Thank you, thank you, thank you for this piece information about the conductor rail.  I had been wondering about the origin of the "NMC" since I first ran into the stuff in WMATA in 1972.  Yes, it was 1972, not 71.
This section was the WMATA standard conductor rail until recently.  In recent years they have gone to a section with the same overall dimensions, but a narrower web which has a pair of aluminium bars huckbolted to it to improve the electrical capacity of the section.

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Re: 100th Birthday of Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit
« Reply #3 on: Apr 9th, 2016, 10:18pm »
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Let me guess, 84C composite?  Some sections of NYC subways are phasing in this type rail, as well.

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