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Newark's Underground Transit Secrets
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   Author  Topic: Newark's Underground Transit Secrets  (Read 577 times)
HARRY FOSTER MALONE ESQ
Former Member
Newark's Underground Transit Secrets
 
« on: Feb 16th, 2013, 10:32pm »
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All:
 
Once upon a time, many years ago, Newark (NJ) once provided traction and transit buffs with much diversity and activity beneath its busy streets.
 
Until 1952, one could ride vintage deck-roof streetcars from downtown Newark (via the City Subway) to suburban Caldwell.
 
Until 1947, one could ride underground dual-powered trolley buses (ASV's=All Service Vehicles)
 
Until the late 1960's, diesel buses of PSNJ snorted thier way through the old Cedar Street subway, once used by both streetcars and ASV's.
 
And, until about the time when we entered the 21st century, sleek 1940's PCC cars (ex-TCRT) operated on the #7 City Subway, Newark's last trolley line.
 
Today, it has all changed; all the diversity and history has vanished.
 
The City Subway is now known as "Newark Light Rail", and the PCC's are long gone.
 
It is now well over 40 years since the last PSNJ buses rumbled through the Cedar St. subway, to and from the now-gone PS Terminal Building.
 
I have many vivid memories of "subway trolleys" and "subway buses" in Newark, back in the 60's, and railfanned the City Subway for many years, starting in my early teens.
 
For photographs....and my memories...I'm truly grateful.
 
Hope you'll enjoy the nostalgic ride in yesteryear......
 
"H.F.M."


« Last Edit: Feb 17th, 2013, 12:56am by NH_FL9_2017 » Logged
HARRY FOSTER MALONE ESQ
Former Member
Re: Newark's Underground Transit Secrets
 
« Reply #1 on: Feb 16th, 2013, 10:39pm »
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These vintage PCC-era photos show the City Subway's main terminal beneath Penn Station.
 
Multiple loops and loading platforms here served several subway-surface car lines.
 
In 1952, after the abandonment if the last surface line (the #29), the only remaining connection to the last operating car house (Bell St., Montclair) was severed.
 
PS then built a small repair facility over a few of the now-abandoned surface-car tracks.
 
In 1954, the last PSNJ deck roof cars were retired, replaced with second-hand, ex-TCRT PCC's.
 
Today, modern LRV's now carry the passengers, and the faithful old PCC's are but fond memories.
 
It just ain't the same......
 
http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?42046
 
http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?72509
 
http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?78328
 
http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?46964
 
(photos courtesy of nycsubway.org)


« Last Edit: Feb 17th, 2013, 1:28am by NH_FL9_2017 » Logged
HARRY FOSTER MALONE ESQ
Former Member
Re: Newark's Underground Transit Secrets
 
« Reply #2 on: Feb 16th, 2013, 10:45pm »
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In my day, this ancient change booth was still in use at the City Subway concourse at Penn Station.
 
It was last used during the 70's during the rush hours.
 
Today, it has been moved away from the former turnstile area, and is now preserved as a memento of the past.....
 
http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?78099
 
http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?27691
 
(photos courtesy of nycsubway.org)


« Last Edit: Feb 16th, 2013, 10:46pm by NH_FL9_2017 » Logged
HARRY FOSTER MALONE ESQ
Former Member
Re: Newark's Underground Transit Secrets
 
« Reply #3 on: Feb 16th, 2013, 10:49pm »
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Another relic of the glory years on the old City Subway, this handsome tiled sign still survives today at Penn Station.
 
It dates to the long-ago days when the subway-surface cars still served suburban points, and today's "MILITARY PARK" station was known as "BROAD STREET".............
 
http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?54051
 
(photo courtesy of nycsubway.org)


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HARRY FOSTER MALONE ESQ
Former Member
Re: Newark's Underground Transit Secrets
 
« Reply #4 on: Feb 16th, 2013, 10:58pm »
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Years ago, the underground "MILITARY PARK" station was known as "BROAD STREET".
 
When the City Subway first opened in 1935, this was the original terminal point.
 
On the outbound platform, a number of large electric signboxes ( now long gone) hung from the ceiling, advising passengers where to board the number of the route they wished to board.
 
These long-disused boxes lasted into the 70's......
 
http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?18993
 
(photo courtesy of nycsubway.org)


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HARRY FOSTER MALONE ESQ
Former Member
Re: Newark's Underground Transit Secrets
 
« Reply #5 on: Feb 16th, 2013, 11:10pm »
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This nostalgic photo from 1965 shows an inbound (to Penn Station) PCC at Broad Street; look closely through the columns between the tracks, and you will see the old signboxes hanging from the ceiling, which once lit up, displaying the boarding points for the various subway-surface lines that once used the Subway.
 
Back in the 60's, one could still pass through the turnstiles here and gain access (via escalators) to the now-gone PS Terminal, and connect with a number of bus routes......
 
http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?76105
 
(photo courtesy of nycsubway.org)


« Last Edit: Feb 16th, 2013, 11:11pm by NH_FL9_2017 » Logged
HARRY FOSTER MALONE ESQ
Former Member
Re: Newark's Underground Transit Secrets
 
« Reply #6 on: Feb 16th, 2013, 11:19pm »
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The underground CITY SUBWAY stops were emblazoned with magnificent tiled artwork, depicting both the Morris Canal (the bed of which later became the City Subway itself) as well as the construction of the Subway.
 
One of these magnificent murals at Penn Station (sadly, out of public view for many years) depicts a deck-roof streetcar emerging from the Subway portal.
 
These are true works of art, thankfully still with us.....
 
http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?19049
 
http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?19051
 
http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?18997
 
http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?27688
 
(photos courtesy of nycsubway.org)


« Last Edit: Feb 16th, 2013, 11:22pm by NH_FL9_2017 » Logged
HARRY FOSTER MALONE ESQ
Former Member
Re: Newark's Underground Transit Secrets
 
« Reply #7 on: Feb 16th, 2013, 11:30pm »
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Until early 1954, City Subway service was provided by classic deck-roof streetcars; these two views (at the old Orange St. grade crossing) show operations on the Subway before the arrival of the PCC's.
 
Until about 1951, the tracks of the #21 ORANGE line branched off here (the #21 VIA W. MARKET line, which branched off from the Subway underground between the stations at Washington St. and Warren St., was discontinued about the same time).......
 
http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?18982
 
http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?18983
 
(photos courtesy of nycsubway.org)


« Last Edit: Feb 16th, 2013, 11:31pm by NH_FL9_2017 » Logged
HARRY FOSTER MALONE ESQ
Former Member
Re: Newark's Underground Transit Secrets
 
« Reply #8 on: Feb 16th, 2013, 11:39pm »
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As I had mentioned earlier, the long-disused Cedar St. Subway once served streetcars, trolley coaches, and diesel buses.
 
Last used about 1966 for buses, what little remains of it today is indeed a modern-day, urban archeological ruin, a decaying, forgotten relic of the once-vast PSNJ empire.
 
Believe me, it was quite a thrill for a young lad, many years ago, to ride aboard a "subway bus"!
 
Here you will find not only a fascinating history of this old Subway, but also, a number of historic and recent images........
 
http://www.columbia.edu/~brennan/abandoned/cedarst.html


« Last Edit: Feb 16th, 2013, 11:41pm by NH_FL9_2017 » Logged
HARRY FOSTER MALONE ESQ
Former Member
Re: Newark's Underground Transit Secrets
 
« Reply #9 on: Feb 17th, 2013, 12:05am »
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Washington St. entrance for the Cedar St. Subway, seen here under construction, in 1915.
 
LAST USED BY STREETCARS: 1937
 
LAST USED BY "ASV" TROLLEY COACHES:1947
 
LAST USED BY DIESEL BUSES: CIRCA 1966
 
http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?117037
 
(photo courtesy of nycsubway.org)


« Last Edit: Feb 17th, 2013, 12:07am by NH_FL9_2017 » Logged
HARRY FOSTER MALONE ESQ
Former Member
Re: Newark's Underground Transit Secrets
 
« Reply #10 on: Feb 17th, 2013, 12:20am »
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This circa-1946 photo shows a dual-powered "ASV" trolley bus on a Newark-area route.
 
This coach is seen sporting the new PS gray; these ASV's would not wear the new scheme long, as they would all be replaced by diesel buses in 1947.
 
All but one (a MACK) was built by YELLOW COACH.
 
These coaches (unique to PSNJ) could operate under wire as a conventional trolley bus, and, away from the wires, using a gas engine.
 
The ESSEX DIVISION ASV routes terminated and began thier runs in downtown Newark, via the Cedar St. Subway.
 
Also, note the #23 CENTRAL subway-surface streetcar in the left background.....
 
http://www.trolleybuses.net/psct/htm/usa_h_psct_yellow_9314.htm
 
(photo courtesy of Tom's Trolley Bus Pictures)


« Last Edit: Feb 19th, 2013, 12:32am by NH_FL9_2017 » Logged
HARRY FOSTER MALONE ESQ
Former Member
Re: Newark's Underground Transit Secrets
 
« Reply #11 on: Feb 17th, 2013, 12:32am »
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Without a doubt, the most unique of all transit vehicles to operate in NJ, was PSNJ's D900.
 
After WW2, PSCT was looking to convert the streetcars of the Newark City Subway and its connecting surface lines to ASV operation (ironically, this was AFTER the ASV network ceased operation in 1947)
 
The trackage was to be paved over, and new GM-built ASV coaches would take the place of the antiquated streetcars.
 
These coaches would only use overhead wires within the Subway proper; once on the street, the poles would come down, and they would operate as conventional diesel buses.
 
D900, a 1950 GM TDH-4509, was tested under new overhead erected at the Bell Street carbarns at Montclair, which then served the subway-surface cars of the #29.
 
The unique bus never operated in revenue service under wire; though the experiment was a success, PS decided to retain streetcars in the City Subway (eventually replacing them with second-hand PCC's), and continue purchasing new diesel-only coaches.
 
After having its electrical gear removed, this coach ran for many years as a straight diesel.......
 
http://www.trolleybuses.net/psct/htm/usa_h_psct_gm_d900_bellstloop_01_1950_pcbv.htm
 
http://www.trolleybuses.net/psct/htm/usa_h_psct_gm_d900_bellstloop_02_1950_pcbv.htm  
 
(photos courtesy of Tom's Trolley Bus Photos)


« Last Edit: Feb 17th, 2013, 12:39am by NH_FL9_2017 » Logged
HARRY FOSTER MALONE ESQ
Former Member
Re: Newark's Underground Transit Secrets
 
« Reply #12 on: Feb 17th, 2013, 12:52am »
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Mention must be made here of the old PUBLIC SERVICE TERMINAL at Newark; built prior to WW1, this massive, multi-level terminal once served streetcars, trolley coaches, and motor buses.
 
The lower level of this huge complex was connected to the Cedar St. Subway.
 
Demolished in 1981, nothing whatsoever remains today of this once-bustling and multi-level transportation hub.
 
Thankfully, I have memories.......
 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_Service_Terminal


« Last Edit: Feb 17th, 2013, 12:54am by NH_FL9_2017 » Logged
HARRY FOSTER MALONE ESQ
Former Member
Re: Newark's Underground Transit Secrets
 
« Reply #13 on: Feb 17th, 2013, 1:11am »
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Rare view of the PS Terminal at Newark under construction, about 1915.
 
Hard to believe that nothing seen here exists today......
 
http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?117034
 
(photo courtesy of nycsubway.org)


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HARRY FOSTER MALONE ESQ
Former Member
Re: Newark's Underground Transit Secrets
 
« Reply #14 on: Feb 17th, 2013, 1:22am »
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Circa-1937 photo showing upper level approaches to the PUBLIC SERVICE Terminal in Newark.
 
Though streetcars still served the upper level, most traffic in and out of the massive terminal were buses.
 
By this late date, ASV's were about to replace the remaining streetcars that then used the Cedar St. Subway.
 
As mentioned previously, nothing here survives today......
 
http://www.trolleybuses.net/psct/htm/usa_h_psct_yellow_003.htm
 
(photo courtesy of Tom's Trolley Bus Photos)


« Last Edit: Feb 17th, 2013, 1:25am by NH_FL9_2017 » Logged
HARRY FOSTER MALONE ESQ
Former Member
Re: Newark's Underground Transit Secrets
 
« Reply #15 on: Feb 17th, 2013, 1:33am »
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Beginning in 1913, commuters could ride aboard the "Fast Line", between Newark and Trenton.
 
Here is an interesting page telling the story of this long-forgotten operation......
 
http://www.daytonvillage.org/history/trolley.htm


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HARRY FOSTER MALONE ESQ
Former Member
Re: Newark's Underground Transit Secrets
 
« Reply #16 on: Feb 17th, 2013, 1:38am »
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A rare circa-WW1 photo of a "Fast Line" car about to depart Newark's PUBLIC SERVICE terminal for Trenton.
 
As can be seen in this wonderful old view, pride in appearance was still of great importance, even in transit......
 
http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?117021
 
(photo courtesy of nycsubway.org)


« Last Edit: Feb 17th, 2013, 1:39am by NH_FL9_2017 » Logged
HARRY FOSTER MALONE ESQ
Former Member
Re: Newark's Underground Transit Secrets
 
« Reply #17 on: Feb 17th, 2013, 11:01am »
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Here's a rare and interesting view from 1937, obviously taken during an off-hour, most likely a sunday.
 
Here we see the entrance to the ramps leading up to the upper level of the PS terminal' note the streetcar is signed for the #23 CENTRAL.
 
Since the opening of the City Subway in 1935, this route was a subway-surface line, and no longer operated on surface trackage downtown.
 
After exiting the Norfolk Street station (here located in an open cut), the cars of the #23 used inclined ramps and a wooden trestle to reach surface trackage.
 
I've seen other photos of this car, obviously taken on the same day.
 
It was bieng used on a grand fan trip, that not only operated over ESSEX DIVISION trackage, but also, trackage on the HUDSON DIVISION as well.
 
In 1937, a number of surface car lines (but, by no means, all of them) were converted over to ASV operation, hence the many fantrips held at that time.
 
This certainly must have been a most memorable excursion; also, note the vintage buses on the left.............
 
http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?117012
 
(photo courtesy of nycsubway.org)


« Last Edit: Feb 17th, 2013, 11:04am by NH_FL9_2017 » Logged
HARRY FOSTER MALONE ESQ
Former Member
Re: Newark's Underground Transit Secrets
 
« Reply #18 on: Feb 17th, 2013, 1:28pm »
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Earlier, I'd mentioned that the #23 CENTRAL cars branched off from the Subway in a cut at the Norfolk Street station, via ramps and a trestle.
 
This line was converted to bus in late 1947.
 
This was a busy location, back in the days when the #23 line was still in operation; a small interlocking tower was located here (at the far end of the outbound platform), and was still intact during the 70's, even though it had long been abandoned.
 
Through the 70's, these old ramps (and trestle) were still intact with rails and line poles; I took a number of photos at this location, back in the early 70's.
 
Today, though the ramps themselves remain, the trackage is long gone, as is the wooden trestle.
 
The Morris Canal once flowed through here, until the early 1920's.
 
These photos date to the 1950's......
 
http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?76112
 
http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?76125
 
(photos courtesy of nycsubway.org)


« Last Edit: Feb 17th, 2013, 1:31pm by NH_FL9_2017 » Logged
HARRY FOSTER MALONE ESQ
Former Member
Re: Newark's Underground Transit Secrets
 
« Reply #19 on: Feb 17th, 2013, 1:37pm »
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In 1952, the very last of the connecting subway-surface lines was converted over to bus (#29).
 
This not only marked the passing of the last surface streetcar in NJ, but also, the end of the last functioning car barn (Bell Street, Montclair)
 
This photo, circa-1950, shows an inbound car at Bloomfield Avenue (the station is beneath the overpass), after just descending the ramp from street level.
 
In the 70's, when I was taking many photos of this line, these ramps still had rails and poles intact; in fact, the old outbound switch was still in place, as was a block signal on the inbound ramp.
 
The ramps remain today, but the rails, remaining switch, and signal have been gone since the 1980's.
 
Note the PSNJ bus on Bloomfield Avenue......
 
http://www.davesrailpix.com/psct/htm/psct087.htm


« Last Edit: Feb 17th, 2013, 1:38pm by NH_FL9_2017 » Logged
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